Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever ePUB ´

[PDF / Epub] ☉ Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever Author Ray Kurzweil – Dudley-ward.co BRAIN AND SLEEP All my life I have focused on being healthy but I wanted to learnabout slowing the aging process Your regimen is effective because I continually receive statements like You look fantas[PDF / Epub] ☉ Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever Author Ray Kurzweil – Dudley-ward.co BRAIN AND SLEEP All my life I have focused on being healthy but I wanted to learnabout slowing the aging process Your regimen is effective because I continually receive statements like You look fantas BRAIN AND SLEEP Steps to PDF ↠ All my life I have focused on Transcend: Nine eBook Å being healthy but I wanted to learnabout slowing the aging process Nine Steps to Kindle Ñ Your regimen is effective because I continually receive statements like You Nine Steps to Living Well PDF \ look fantastic What do you do to keep looking so young I know for a fact that people think I am considerably younger than my chronological age SANDY NASHVILLE TENNESSEEPart I of this book describes the Problem the fact that we are genetically programmed to age to enjoy optimal health for a relatively short period of time and then are forced to spend much of the rest of our lives dealing with the effects of aging a process that has as its sole purpose the destruction of our health and our ultimate demise Before we begin our discussion of the various processes associated with aging it is important to realize that growing older and Nine Steps to Living Well PDF \ wiser is not the same thing as aging Everyone grows older all the time but we aren t necessarily aging as we do so since by definition the aging process is one of deteriorationYou grew older today but did you age as well If you drank a few cups of green tea had five servings of fruits and vegetables exercised for at least minutes at your target heart rate took nutritional supplements optimized for your age and health situation spent uality time with close friends and loved ones consumed a glass of red wine had a romantic and sensual time with your spouse or significant other and got hours of uality sleep then you probably aged very little if at all If you were a coach potato ate doughnuts for breakfast skipped lunch consumed an excessive amount of coffee smoked cigarettes and got into stressful arguments with friends co workers and loved ones then you probably aged a lot People can look old in their thirties or young in their sixties and the lifestyle choices you make every hour make all the differenceMultiple processes cause us to age Some are simple such as the depletion of a vital substance called phosphatidylcholine in our cell membranes which you can reverse by supplementing with that substance as we discuss below Some are complex such as keeping your most important organ your brain healthy In this chapter we ll discuss optimal brain health along with sleep since sleep is so vital to brain function Then we ll move down to the heart the digestive tract and the sexual organs and hormones We ll complete our overview of how the body works with a discussion of various metabolic processes including inflammation methylation and glycation and finally look at genomics the new field that is unlocking the secrets of our genes which control and regulate all bodily functionsWE THINK THEREFORE WE AREYour brain makes up only percent of your weight yet receives percent of the blood coming from the heart and uses percent of your body s oxygen and glucose It also represents percent of your genetic complexity In other words half of your genes describe the design of your brain with the other half describing the organization of the other percent of your body Moreover your brain is the master puppeteer It controls every beat of your heart every blink of your eyes the release of your hormones not to mention all of your willful activities It has long been regarded as the seat of consciousness the true you So it makes sense to consider what you can do to keep it healthy and happy too As it turns out there is a lot you can do The ideas in this chapter can dramatically slow down brain aging and help you avoid the often catastrophic downsides of brain dysfunctionIntelligence is arguably the most important phenomenon in the world because intelligence allows us to understand and shape our environments The best example we have of an intelligent entity is the human brain itself And the secret of its design is not hidden from us Although there s a skull around it we can see inside a living brain with increasingly precise scanning technologies This is a wonderful example of Ray s law of accelerating returns The spatial resolution of brain scanning is doubling every year and the amount of data we are gathering on the brain is also doubling every yearWe now know the human brain is composed of about billion neurons plus a trillion glial support cells It was originally thought that the glial cells just provided physical support for the neurons but recent studies have demonstrated that they play a role in influencing the synapses which are the connections between neurons We have about trillion such connections and that is indeed where most of the action takes place So there is a lot of complexityWe are gathering an exponentially expanding mountain of data on the brain but can we understand it A controversy going back thousands of years to the days of Plato is whether we are intelligent enough to understand our own intelligence Computer scientist Douglas Hofstadter wrote that it could be simply an accident of fate that our brains are too weak to understand themselves Since Hofstadter wrote that line in we have shown that this is not the.

Case As we gather enough data on specific brain regions we have been able to model these areas in precise mathematical terms and actually simulate them on computers For example computer scientist Lloyd Watts and his colleagues have created a computer simulation of a dozen regions of the auditory cortex the regions of the brain responsible for processing sound from the ears Applying sophisticated psychoacoustic tests to Watts s simulation produces results very similar to applying these tests to human auditory perception At MIT there is a similar model and simulation of the visual cortex which processes visual informationAt the University of Texas there is a simulation of the cerebellum an important region that makes upthan half of the brain s neurons and is responsible for skill formation for example catching a fly ball We have always wondered how a year old accomplishes this feat All she has to do is solve a dozen simultaneous differential euations in a few seconds but most year olds have not yet taken calculus We now understand how this works Those euations are indeed solved by her cerebellum using a mathematical techniue called basis functions It takes place of course without conscious awareness and we do have to train the cerebellum to learn specific tasks which is why practicing a skill is important Again a variety of tests on this computer simulation of the cerebellum provides results similar to human skill formation using our biological cerebellum This illustrates the oft stated insight that although the brain is capable of some remarkable accomplishments we perform these feats without much understanding of how our brains actually carry out these missionsAn ambitious project is underway at IBM to simulate the cerebral cortex arguably the most important region of the brain and the one responsible for our abstract reasoning As of the writing of this book this simulation has successfully undergone its first set of testsAs we continue the accelerating progress toward reverse engineering understanding the methods of how the brain works we ll gain far greater insight into our own human nature which has been the goal of the arts and science since we first wrote symbols on stone tablets over years ago The results of this grand engineering project which now includes over scientists and engineers will also provide us with methods for everintelligent computer software But the benefit most relevant to this book is that we will gain farpowerful ways of fixing what goes wrong in our brainsAnd there is a lot that does go wrong As we pointed out before evolution focused on our formative years and enough of our early adulthood to allow us to raise our children so that they became self sufficient As a result keeping our brains healthy much past our twenties was not a trait selected by natural selection when our brains evolved Our brains are subject to either sudden or gradual decline with age to self destructive addictive behaviors to depression and anxiety disorders and to many other limitations not to mention potentially catastrophic lapses of judgmentYOU CREATE YOUR BRAINPerhaps the most important insight relevant to brain health that has come from recent advances in information technology is the plasticity of the brain Since the mid th century it was thought that brain regions were hardwired for specific tasks and that neurons could not be replaced In French neurosurgeon Paul Broca related specific cognitive deficits to particular regions of the brain affected by injury or surgery Forthan a century it was believed that unlike other areas of the body that are capable of repairing themselves the brain could not replace its neurons and connections that had been lost or damaged and that we are continually and irretrievably losing brain matterFrom recent brain imaging research we now know the brain possesses plasticity meaning it is perhaps the most dynamic and self organizing organ of the body Although there is some degree of specialization in the skills of different regions of the brain stroke victims are often able to transfer skills from a damaged region to one that is undamaged Moreover we can see in recent brain scans how we actually grow new brain connections and even create new neurons from stem cells as a result of our thoughtsIn an experiment with monkeys at the University of California brain scans obtained before and after the animals were trained to perform a specific task involving the nimbleness of one finger showed substantial growth in neural connections associated with controlling that finger An experiment with humans who were taught how to play the violin showed substantial growth of connections associated with the fingers of the left hand responsible for controlling the notes A brain scanning experiment at Rutgers and Stanford universities involved training dyslexic reading impaired students how to distinguish between hard to resolve consonants such as p and b After the training brain scans showed substantial growth and increased activity in the region of the brain responsible for this discrimination Paula Tallal one of the scientists who created this dyslexic training system commented that you create your brain from the input you get In the latest brain image studies we can see real time movies of individual interneuronal connections actually creating new synapses connection points between neurons so we can see our brain create our thoughts and in turn see our thoughts create our brainThe true meaning of Descartes famous d.

transcend book nine kindle steps epub living pdf well ebok forever download Transcend Nine mobile Steps to pdf Steps to Living Well free Nine Steps to epub Nine Steps to Living Well ebok Transcend Nine Steps to Living Well Forever PDFEPUBCase As we gather enough data on specific brain regions we have been able to model these areas in precise mathematical terms and actually simulate them on computers For example computer scientist Lloyd Watts and his colleagues have created a computer simulation of a dozen regions of the auditory cortex the regions of the brain responsible for processing sound from the ears Applying sophisticated psychoacoustic tests to Watts s simulation produces results very similar to applying these tests to human auditory perception At MIT there is a similar model and simulation of the visual cortex which processes visual informationAt the University of Texas there is a simulation of the cerebellum an important region that makes upthan half of the brain s neurons and is responsible for skill formation for example catching a fly ball We have always wondered how a year old accomplishes this feat All she has to do is solve a dozen simultaneous differential euations in a few seconds but most year olds have not yet taken calculus We now understand how this works Those euations are indeed solved by her cerebellum using a mathematical techniue called basis functions It takes place of course without conscious awareness and we do have to train the cerebellum to learn specific tasks which is why practicing a skill is important Again a variety of tests on this computer simulation of the cerebellum provides results similar to human skill formation using our biological cerebellum This illustrates the oft stated insight that although the brain is capable of some remarkable accomplishments we perform these feats without much understanding of how our brains actually carry out these missionsAn ambitious project is underway at IBM to simulate the cerebral cortex arguably the most important region of the brain and the one responsible for our abstract reasoning As of the writing of this book this simulation has successfully undergone its first set of testsAs we continue the accelerating progress toward reverse engineering understanding the methods of how the brain works we ll gain far greater insight into our own human nature which has been the goal of the arts and science since we first wrote symbols on stone tablets over years ago The results of this grand engineering project which now includes over scientists and engineers will also provide us with methods for everintelligent computer software But the benefit most relevant to this book is that we will gain farpowerful ways of fixing what goes wrong in our brainsAnd there is a lot that does go wrong As we pointed out before evolution focused on our formative years and enough of our early adulthood to allow us to raise our children so that they became self sufficient As a result keeping our brains healthy much past our twenties was not a trait selected by natural selection when our brains evolved Our brains are subject to either sudden or gradual decline with age to self destructive addictive behaviors to depression and anxiety disorders and to many other limitations not to mention potentially catastrophic lapses of judgmentYOU CREATE YOUR BRAINPerhaps the most important insight relevant to brain health that has come from recent advances in information technology is the plasticity of the brain Since the mid th century it was thought that brain regions were hardwired for specific tasks and that neurons could not be replaced In French neurosurgeon Paul Broca related specific cognitive deficits to particular regions of the brain affected by injury or surgery Forthan a century it was believed that unlike other areas of the body that are capable of repairing themselves the brain could not replace its neurons and connections that had been lost or damaged and that we are continually and irretrievably losing brain matterFrom recent brain imaging research we now know the brain possesses plasticity meaning it is perhaps the most dynamic and self organizing organ of the body Although there is some degree of specialization in the skills of different regions of the brain stroke victims are often able to transfer skills from a damaged region to one that is undamaged Moreover we can see in recent brain scans how we actually grow new brain connections and even create new neurons from stem cells as a result of our thoughtsIn an experiment with monkeys at the University of California brain scans obtained before and after the animals were trained to perform a specific task involving the nimbleness of one finger showed substantial growth in neural connections associated with controlling that finger An experiment with humans who were taught how to play the violin showed substantial growth of connections associated with the fingers of the left hand responsible for controlling the notes A brain scanning experiment at Rutgers and Stanford universities involved training dyslexic reading impaired students how to distinguish between hard to resolve consonants such as p and b After the training brain scans showed substantial growth and increased activity in the region of the brain responsible for this discrimination Paula Tallal one of the scientists who created this dyslexic training system commented that you create your brain from the input you get In the latest brain image studies we can see real time movies of individual interneuronal connections actually creating new synapses connection points between neurons so we can see our brain create our thoughts and in turn see our thoughts create our brainThe true meaning of Descartes famous d.

Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever ePUB ´

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